Written by Judith Buckland, MBA, RDCS, FASE

60/60 Sign in Echocardiography

60/60 Echo Sign

Last month we presented Echo in Pulmonary Embolism.  One of the echo findings associated with acute pulmonary embolism is the echo 60/60 sign.  What is the echo 60/60 sign?  This week we will learn the features of the 60/60 sign in echocardiography and its implications with pulmonary embolism.

What is the 60/60 sign in echocardiography?

The 60-60 sign in echo is a TR pressure gradient less than 60 and a pulmonary acceleration time less than 60

The 60/60 sign includes BOTH:

  • TR pressure gradient < 60 mm Hg
  • Pulmonary acceleration time (PAT) of < 60 msec

Please note that it’s the TR pressure gradient that needs to be < 60 mmHg, NOT the RVSP!  I mention this because during my research I found sites, and even YouTube videos, that listed the 60/60 sign as PAT < 60 / RVSP < 60.  After additional research (references below) I can confirm that the 60/60 sign involves the PAT and TR gradient. Another interesting note is that European literature uses < 60 while references in the USA use < 60.

Normal versus Abnormal Pulmonary Acceleration Time in Echo

Normal v abnormal Pulmanary flow echo Doppler.  Abnormal flow has a sharp peak and a notch creating an abnormal asymmetrical waveform

Normal PAT

  • Spectral Doppler looks symmetrical
  • Rounded contour

Abnormal PAT

  • Sharp pointed max peak
  • Spectral Doppler notch – looks like an asymmetrical ‘W’    

How to correctly measure the Pulmonary Acceleration Time:

measure pulmonary acceleration time in parasternal short axis flow at the annulus of the PV using PW Doppler

The Pulmonary Acceleration time (PAT) is the amount of time between the onset of systolic arterial flow and peak velocity.  When the pulmonary resistance is hight the wave form is abnormal. The correct way to measure this is as follows:

  1. Parasternal short-axis view
  2. PW Doppler
  3. Align Doppler with blood flow direction
    1. TIP:  Place sample volume at the annulus of the pulmonary valve – avoid placing the sample more proximally in the RVOT
  4. Use faster sweep speed (stretch out waveform)
  5. Measure the PAT – time interval between the onset of systolic pulmonary arterial flow (onset of ejection) and peak flow velocity.

What’s the significance of the 60/60 Sign?

The 60/60 sign is not sensitive for diagnosing pulmonary embolus (PE) but it is very specific (94%).  Due to some controversy over the subjective nature of the McConnell’s sign, the 60/60 sign, “may be more practical in clinical practice because the criteria are more clear cut” (Lang et al, 2011).

Summary

The 60/60 Sign in echocardiography is the presence of BOTH:

  • TR pressure gradient < 60 mm Hg
  • Pulmonary acceleration time (PAT) of < 60 msec

This sign is not very sensitive for pulmonary embolism but extremely specific. Other articles related to pulmoanry embolism:

References

Kurzyna M, Torbicki A, Pruszczyk P. Disturbed right ventricular ejection pattern as a new Doppler echocardiographic sign of acute pulmonary embolism. The American journal of cardiology. 90(5):507-11. 2002. [pubmed]

Lang, R. M., Goldstein, S. A., Kronzon, I., & Khandheria, B. K. (2011). Dynamic echocardiography. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Torbicki, A., Kurzyna, M., Ciurzynski, M., Pruszczyk, P., Pacho, R., Kuch-Wocial, A. et al.Proximal pulmonary emboli modify right ventricular ejection pattern. Eur Respir J. 1999; 13: 616–621

Kurnicka, Katarzyna et al. Echocardiographic Pattern of Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Analysis of 511 Consecutive Patients.  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, Volume 29, Issue 9, 907 – 913

Tossavainen, E., Soderberg, S., Gronlund, C., Gonzalez, M., Henein, M., & Lindqvist, P. (2013, January 07). Pulmonary artery acceleration time in identifying pulmonary hypertension patients with raised pulmonary vascular resistance. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/ehjcimaging/article/14/9/890/2397468

Torbicki, A. (2005). Echocardiographic diagnosis of pulmonary embolism: A rise and fall of McConnell sign? European Journal of Echocardiography,6(1), 2-3. Retrieved June 4, 2019.

Judith Buckland

Judith Buckland, MBA, RDCS, FASE

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60/60 signpulmonary acceleration timepulmonary embolus

LET US KNOW WHAT YOU THINK...

Meena
Great read on pulmonary embolism. 60/60 signs , I enjoyed reading. PAT is unreliable in bradycardia and tachycardia. I never used to do PAT when I get a good TR spectral trace to assess RVSP. Latest articles on RV strain in PE also provide brilliant insight. Excellent work from CardioServ as always. Keep efucating and inspiring us.
Christian
Thank you very much for this!

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